By J. 't Hart, R. Collier, A. Cohen
This ebook offers an experimental-phonetic method of the learn of intonation, outlined because the ensemble of pitch diversifications in speech. It provides a close explication of the research of intonation through the stylization approach: learning the perceptual outcomes of planned simplifications of speech melody makes it attainable to offer an outline by way of perceptually suitable, discrete occasions. Theoretical insights and the acoustic, perceptual, and physiological experimental proof that helps them are amply mentioned. Phoneticians and speech scientists will locate the cutting edge, designated gains of this booklet of curiosity.
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Additional info for A Perceptual Study of Intonation: An Experimental-Phonetic Approach to Speech Melody
If one sets out to map out the main characteristics of the intonation of a language, it is not sensible to restrict the number of speakers beforehand to the few who want to volunteer for such experiments; besides, the possibilities of producing spontaneous speech under such circumstances are rather limited; consequently, the inclusion in the observations of less frequently occurring intonation phenomena may not be guaranteed. Moreover, there is every reason to fear that collecting physiological measurements without foreknowledge will lead to even greater interpretative difficulties than are encountered in acoustic measurements.
8). 8 Measurement of the differential threshold of the rate of change of Fo in a speech fragment were identical, viz. slowly falling, as is the case in normal speech. In this way, the frequency differences at either side of the sweep are of course still present, but they may be obscured by the common attributes of the remaining parts of the stimulus. In particular, the varying on- and offsets of the sweeps are made inaudible by the voiceless consonants. We found that differences in slope characterized by a factor of less than two were inaudible.
Furthermore, for short stimulus durations, the precision of pitch sensation decreases as duration becomes shorter. 6 x 10 " 3 at 60 ms or longer durations, but more than a doubling of this value each time the duration was halved. Complex 27 Phonetic aspects of intonation signals contain more information, and therefore it should cause no surprise that the saturation point, as measured by the same authors, is situated at a duration of only 30 ms. Flanagan and Saslow (1958) have measured the differential threshold in synthetic vowels, in a frequency region representative of male speech.