By Gregg Henriques
Problem approximately psychology’s fragmentation isn't really new, yet there has for the previous decade been expanding demands psychologists to recognize to the prices linked to fragmentation and to go looking for methods to unify the discipline.
A New Unified concept of Psychology introduces a brand new method that addresses psychology’s present theoretical and philosophical problems. the hot conception comprises 4 interlocking items that jointly provide—for the 1st time—a macro-level view that clarifies the character of psychology’s difficulties and provides a transparent option to unify a few of the components of the sector. The unified concept offers the sector of psychology with a well-defined subject material, permitting either educational psychologists could be capable of enhance a shared language and conceptual foundation.
From the reviews:
"...the writer takes at the super bold problem of defining psychology, articulating conceptually its family with different sciences, selecting its key theoretical ideas, and resolving its a variety of schisms (research/practice, neuroscience/social technology, animal/human, bewildering array of possible nonoverlapping theories and therapies)...He has a very good skill to explain, research, and summarize in a couple of pages sizeable and complex components of analysis (attributions, cognitive dissonance, behavioral versions of depression.......) with no getting slowed down in learn details...I in particular loved the extra own information and anecdotes the ebook layout gave him the distance to incorporate -- e.g., improvement of the "Justification Hypothesis" because the "joint point" among brain and tradition takes to the air from his reflections on why he was once overdue getting domestic for dinner one evening in grad tuition. and a few of his reviews on psychotherapy integration take as element of departure certain research of what he saw as venture director for a medical trial of cognitive treatment in prevention of recurrent suicide makes an attempt that by no means made the ultimate released document of the study...All instructed, it's now not mild interpreting, but when you take pleasure in pondering immense photo subject matters you will discover loads of meals for inspiration here." (Dave Haaga, American college, September 2011)
"Like sociology and anthropology, psychology is outlined by means of incompatible competing faculties of thought.and can't be thought of a mature technology, simply because there isn't any feel during which each one new release of researchers builds upon the middle analytical insights of earlier generations of researchers… This publication is written for medical and examine psychologists, and therefore avoids this type of mathematical version construction and axiomatization that's attribute of mature sciences… Henriques notes that it really is virtually most unlikely to outline modern psychology simply because many psychologists think of psychology to be a concept of the workings of the brain, whereas others deny the idea of "mind" altogether, and restrict themselves to modeling saw habit. accordingly, Henriques takes his first target to be that of "locating" the sphere ontologically. He argues that there's a Tree of information with 4 segments. the 1st is "Matter," that's studied via physics, chemistry, geology, and astronomy. the second one is "Life," studied through biology. The 3rd is "Mind," that's the subject material of psychology, and the fourth, and optimum, is "Culture," studied by way of the social sciences. Henriques can pay exact recognition to the 3 issues of junction among segments of the Tree of information. He says the Matter-Life junction is modeled by way of organic evolutionary conception, the Life-Mind junction is modeled by way of what he calls Behavioral funding idea, and the Mind-Culture junction is modeled by means of what he calls Justification concept. by means of Behavioral funding idea, Henriques skill primarily the rational selection version of choice, organic and fiscal conception, even supposing he provides a measurement of complexity to human habit via announcing that Justification concept calls for a "rational emotional actor" that isn't safely modeled in regular rational selection concept (p., 46). i'd upload that Henriques additionally comprises video game concept as a part of Behavioral funding idea, just because decision-making whilst there are a number of brokers concerned calls for game-theoretic reasoning. This perspective is easy to financial idea. In biology, the extension of choice concept (e.g., foraging idea) to online game conception used to be pioneered by way of John Maynard Smith, Evolution and the speculation of video games (Cambridge college Press, 1982), and now's commonplace in all of animal habit concept. In Henriques' cutting edge terminology, social interactions are ruled by way of an "Influence Matrix," that is a part of the psychology of the person that regulates how the person pertains to others. Henriques stresses the emotional aspect of such interplay and avoids all online game theoretic reasoning in addition to any research of the position of incentives and payoffs within the selection of behaviors ruled via the effect Matrix… i feel Henriques' espousal of Behavioral funding conception is crucial integrating thought during this ebook. If this precept by myself have been included uniformly all through learn psychology, it should offer a lot of the sought-for analytical core…A New Unified concept of Psychology is terrifically demanding, to the purpose of maybe being a brand new starting for psychology as a study discipline.” (Herb Gintis, Santa Fe Institute and critical eu college, September 2011)
“Offers a collection of nested frameworks that places diversified components of mental examine and perform right into a coherent courting with one another. … it's also beneficial that the ebook has first-class transitions, with summaries usually reminding the readers the place they've been and awaiting the place they're going. … If i'll educate a graduate-level creation to Psychology, this may be the ebook. If i may suggest one e-book to colleagues distraught on the fragmented nature of the sector, this could be the book.” (Eric P. Charles, PsycCRITIQUES, Vol. fifty seven (26), July, 2012)
From the again Cover
Following the dying of the so-called grand theories provided by way of luminaries like Sigmund Freud, B. F. Skinner, and Carl Rogers, the sector of psychology mostly gave up its early aspirations to color a extensive photograph of the human , and now the self-discipline focuses totally on empirical difficulties that experience a comparatively slender scope. The outcome has been a proliferation of fascinating findings without genuine skill to reply to immense questions or to generate a shared normal realizing of the human situation. This booklet seeks to alter the established order and provides up a brand new unified thought of psychology that redefines the technological know-how and the career and paints a brand new photograph of human nature within the method.
A New Unified conception of Psychology
“The box of psychology is understood for its paradoxical mix of sweeping scope and bold micro-theories, at the one hand, and fragmentation and internecine squabbling, at the different. To this scenario, any critical attempt to supply integration and cohesion inside mental wisdom and figuring out is heartily welcomed. And Henriques' attempt during this regard isn't just severe, yet essentially the most cogent, scholarly, subtle, fantastically reasoned, in actual fact articulated, and accessibly written shows of a unified concept in psychology that i've got obvious in my 50 years within the discipline.”
Daniel B. Fishman, writer of The Case for Pragmatic Psychology,
Professor, Rutgers University
“As the sphere of psychology has grown, so have the demanding situations of fragmentation and of misunderstandings. This courageous ebook represents a noble quest to supply a wide, values-based, and medical framework which holds the facility to arrange our paintings and circulate us ahead in powerful, new ways.”
Lawrence G. Calhoun, writer of Facilitating Post-Traumatic Growth,
Professor, college of North Carolina-Charlotte
“In this very formidable e-book, Henriques makes a powerful case for why daring efforts are wanted within the fragmented realm of mental learn and thought. even supposing assorted readers will most likely make diversified judgments approximately how good Henriques has succeeded in his goals, it however is an act of highbrow bold which could maybe motivate psychologists to appear outdoor the slim confines of a unmarried laboratory paradigm and open their pondering to tips on how to deal with the total diversity of human habit and experience.”
Paul L. Wachtel, writer of healing Communication,
Distinguished Professor, CUNY
“Concise, erudite, and useful, this publication is a manifesto that demanding situations psychology to maneuver prior fragmented domain names of information to a consilient framework, that allows you to permit multi-disciplinary discourse and medical advances. I recommend all scientists, psychotherapists, and students spend a while familiarizing themselves with the ideas and recommendations provided during this seminal quantity via a number one scholar.”
Jeffrey Magnavita, writer of character Guided Relational Psychotherapy,
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Extra resources for A New Unified Theory of Psychology
It turns out that the term behavior has two mutually exclusive meanings, and this has resulted in enormous confusion. ” This meaning is implicit in the opening line of Watson’s (1913, p. ” Watson (1913) argued that by focusing on behavior, psychology becomes like other natural sciences because it is observable, measurable, and thus objective. ” This variation in usage is problematic because it results in the term behavior being used in mutually exclusive ways. ” Yet, sometimes the term is used in precisely the opposite manner.
In Koch’s estimation, psychology was not and could not be a single coherent discipline. Because his professional biography reveals an enormous amount about the deep and profound conceptual problems that underlie psychology, it is worth taking some time to recount here. In the late 1930s and early 1940s, Koch was a rising star in psychological science, having authored, among other things, two major articles on the concept of motivation in the prestigious journal Psychological Review in 1941. Clark Hull’s behaviorism was at its apex, and it seemed to Koch and many others at the time that the mathematization of animal behavior was truly at hand.
Ameaningful thought regards knowledge as an almost automatic result of a self-corrective rule structure, a fail proof heuristic, a methodology—rather than discovery. In consequence, much of psychological history can be seen as a form of scientistic role playing which, however sophisticated, entails the trivialization, and even evasion, of significant problems” (Koch, 1981, p. 257). In the same paper, Koch concluded that psychology was never effectively separated from philosophy, and although parts of it are scientific, it cannot be considered a coherent scientific discipline.