By Jorgen Randers, G. Bologna
1972: su incarico del membership di Roma, un gruppo di studiosi dell’MIT pubblica I Limiti dello sviluppo, che prefigura gli effetti della crescita della popolazione, dei consumi e dell’inquinamento su un pianeta fisicamente limitato. Dopo decenni di critiche feroci, ormai si ammette che le conclusioni di quello studio erano corrette.
2012: Jorgen Randers, uno dei coautori di I limiti dello sviluppo, fa il punto su quanto è successo e prova a delineare il futuro globale da qui al 2052. Vivremo sempre più nelle città, saremo più connessi e creativi, e dovremo trovare nuovi modi consistent with gestire le tensioni dovute alle diseguaglianze crescenti. Probabilmente los angeles popolazione non crescerà quanto previsto, con una riduzione degli impatti sulla biosfera, ma le rinnovabili non riusciranno a rimpiazzare i combustibili fossili in pace in step with eliminare del tutto l. a. possibilità di un riscaldamento climatico catastrofico... Nessun settore è escluso, e Randers ci mette a disposizione una guida in keeping with interpretare e gestire le turbolenze dei prossimi quarant’anni.
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Extra resources for 2052: scenari globali per i prossimi quarant’anni
For Durkheim, there is a relationship between the marking of important dates or milestones and the establishment of norms. Rules of initiation surround the marking of social occasions including baptisms, birthdays, coming of age events, promotions and retirements and ultimately death. There are commonly understood mores of social behaviour surrounding behaviour such as shaking hands at meetings, or not speaking in libraries. Social norms create the patterns or ‘folkways’ that shape commonly accepted group behaviours.
The stages, beginning with the ﬁrst, the original position, a hypothetical construct designed to facilitate considerations of the questions arising in the creation of a just society. Rawls admits that his stages are modelled in part on constitutional developments in the United States of America. The four stages of this sequence of the principles of justice and fair opportunity are as follows: (1) Enunciation of the principles of justice from the original position. (2) Partial lifting of the veil of ignorance with regard to general circumstances of the society but not individual actors, devising of constitutional system dealing with powers of government and rights of The Theories of Justice 49 citizens.
SUMMARY This section has examined the patterns of socialisation (induction), deviance (breaking away) and resiliency (rebuilding from hardship) in the community. The section has established that societal frameworks exist for restoring those who have drifted away from the wider community, if efforts are made to deepen levels of resiliency for young people. This approach establishes the potential for sustainable forms of justice in the community, in addition to providing the basis for community restoration for those who drift, which enhances their own life opportunities and potential contribution as a result.